Below are works I’ve consulted so far while writing The Siècle. Note that this is not a complete list of works I intend to consult or that I own, only those that I have read so far. This will be updated as my research continues.

Nonfiction (principal secondary sources)

Nonfiction (indirect sources)

Almanacs and other statistical compilations

Primary sources


  • De Balzac, Honoré. Père Goriot. Translated by Burton Raffel. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.
  • De Vigny, Alfred. Servitude et grandeur militaires [Recollections of Military Servitude]. In Lights and Shades of Military Life. Edited by Charles James Napier. Translated by Frederic Shoberl. London: H. Colburn, 1840.
  • Hugo, Victor. Les Misérables. Translated by Norman Denny. London: Penguin Books, 1982.
  • Stendhal. The Red and the Black. Translated by Horace B. Samuel. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics, 2005.

Journal articles

Data and mapping

Reference works

Single-episode sources

Episode 11: The Year Without A Summer

Episode 13: Bourbons, Neat

Episode 14: Slipped on the Blood

Episode 17: Europe in Concert

Episode 18: The Road to Trocadero

Episode 19: France and the Monroe Doctrine

Episode 20: The Death of Napoleon

Episode 21: The Afterlife of Napoleon

Episode 22: French Press

Supplemental 8: Bastille Day

Supplemental 9: Thiers in Spain

Episode 23: Charbonnerie

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Episode 25: The King is Dead